China – Its exotic culture and traditional habits and customs can seem quite strange for us in the first place. But especially this was a reason why I was so interested in going to China and see all these things with my own eyes. And so I found myself, with just 20 years old, in China for an internship as my first solo trip. Little did I know that there are so many things to know before going to China.
Quite early, I realized that my prior one-year Mandarin University-class couldn’t prepare me enough for this culture shock that was awaiting me in the “Kingdom of the Middle”. However, China should become one of my absolute favorite destinations worldwide and a return is on top of my bucket list now.
Together with my good Chinese friend Zihan I sat together (unfortunately, you can’t take this literally as he is too far away) and created this list of China Travel Tips. This way, you can hopefully feel better prepared for your trip to China than I did some years back.
What to find out in this post
- 1 China Facts
- 2 Best time to visit China
- 3 Holidays in China
- 4 Important Words
- 5 Money
- 6 Food in China
- 7 Drinking water in China
- 8 Visa for China
- 9 Transportation in China
- 10 Infrastructure
- 11 Chinese Floors
- 12 Security in China
- 13 VPN
- 14 Air Pollution in China
- 15 Communication in China
- 16 Paleness is beautiful
- 17 Gifts in China
- 18 Travel Insurance for China
- The full name of China is actually Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
- It’s the most populous country in the world (1.379.302.771 Inhabitants in 2017)
- The 4th biggest country on Earth
- Founded on the 01.10.1949
- Country Code +86
Best time to visit China
Since the People’s Republic of China is such a huge country that includes different climate zones, a visit to China is possible in every season. It actually depends on what kind of vacation you are looking for.
The summer months can be quite hot in many parts of China and are maybe not ideal for every traveler. On the other hand, in the winter months, the air is usually even more polluted than during summer, especially in Beijing. It is recommended not to leave your accommodation without a mask.
Moreover, you should check the Chinese Holidays, as, on those, the points of interest in the country will be even more crowded than they usually are.
For more information about the different seasons in China check this website.
Holidays in China
01.01. New Year
February Chinese New Year / Spring Festival
02.03. Lantern Festival
01.05. Labor Day
18.06. Zhonghe Festival
17.08. Chinese Valentine’s Day
25.08. Spirit Festival
24.09. Mid-Autumn Festival
The first week of October: Golden Week
17.10. Double Ninth Festival
Hello – Nihao
Goodbye – Zaijian
Thank you – Xiexie
Excuse me – Bu Hao Yi Si
Toilet – Cesuo
Here – Zheli
Delicious – Haochi
Fish – Yu
Chicken – Ji Rou
I don’t want – Bu yao
The currency in China is the Renminbi, which is indicated in the unit Yuan. Colloquially, the Yuan is also called Kuai. One Euro equals 7.69 Yuan and One USD equals 6,75 Yuan (January 2019)
Withdrawing Money in China
In the tourist areas in big cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, you can find many ATMs, from which you can easily withdraw money. It can get more difficult to find ATMs in more remote and less touristic places. You might rather always have some cash with you, just in case.
Paying with credit-card in China
In China, Cash is King. Even though the payment with credit-card is more and more adapted into the Chinese lifestyle, the payment in cash is usually preferred. In some places, foreign credit cards are not accepted. The Chinese usually pay with UnionPay. Better always carry some cash with you. Nowadays, more and more Chinese actually pay by smartphone, via the applications WeChat or AliPay.
Money exchange in China
If you want to exchange money while being in China, usually any bank will do it. But keep in mind that exchanging money can cost quite some time since you have to fill out several documents and they will do some copies of your passport.
Prices in China
In comparison to most Western countries, China is an affordable country. Especially, the food is not pricey at all, if you don’t eat in a tourist restaurant.
Tipping in China
While being in China, you should definitely avoid giving tips as people can consider giving a tip as insulting.
Food in China
Together with Malay and Polish Food, Chinese Food is my favorite.
You can choose from so many different dishes and even vegetarians don’t have to stay hungry here at all. Tofu (and I am not talking about the paper-flavored kind of tofu that they sometimes sell in Western Countries) is a big part of Chinese cuisine.
However, keep in mind that the hygiene standards, especially in street food stands, can differ from the standards of Western Countries. Just check where the locals are eating, and you should be ok. While being in China the only time I got sick from the food was actually after eating at McDonald’s.
Only eating dog meat? I guess, that dog won’t hunt
I guess every Westerner has heard this prejudice of Chinese regularly eating dog meat. But are they actually doing that?
Yes and no. The truth is, there are still places, in which you can buy and eat dog meat. On the other hand, there are more and more young Chinese against that old tradition. Actually, most people I’ve met in China have never tried dog meat and don’t feel like it either.
But don’t worry. No one is gonna try to secretly mix dog meat into your food as basically, the dog meat costs more than regular meat, such as pork and chicken.
Eating with Chopsticks
In China, it is common to eat with chopsticks.
Sometimes, even soup. (The solid ingredients are eaten with your chopsticks while the brew gets drunken directly from the bowl afterward)
In case you have never eaten with chopsticks before, it might take you some days to get used to it. Don’t worry, it’s actually not that difficult. Anyway, in many places, the foreign guests get offered a fork as well.
Please note: The chopsticks should never be put upright into the rice as this is just done in a death ritual. So better just place them on top of your bowl.
Smacking is not necessarily bad
From an early age on, my parents taught me to eat as quiet as possible, not to do any noises while eating, and especially not smack.
Anyway, in China, smacking is completely normal. It can even be seen as a compliment to show that the food is good.
The only problem may occur if you bring your newly learned Chinese smacking habits back to the Western world. 😉
A vain attempt to find fortune cookies
I have to admit before going to China, I added “Eating an original Chinese fortune cookie” to my China Bucket list. But when I asked my new Chinese friends about the fortune cookies, it turned out that they don’t even exist in China. Say Whaat?! One of my Chinese friends explained to me that he actually knows what fortune cookies are after seeing them in the movie Freaky Friday. Well played, America…
And there is more. Another common prejudice we Westerners have about Chinese food is that they eat a lot of Spring Rolls. On a positive note, yes, spring rolls do exist in China and are eaten there. But actually just in spring. (Makes sense, right?) Obviously, when I visited China in summer, it was pretty hard to find some, to at least cross one of my naive China goals from my to-do list. In the end, my Chinese roommate and her friends brought me to some Fast-Food-Chain to try some spring rolls and other Chinese snacks. It turned out Chinese Fast-Food spring rolls actually taste the same as in Europe.
Eat all the food! Or not?
For a long time, it was considered impolite to finish all the food you’ve ordered when being in a Chinese restaurant. It shows wealth if you left some food on the plates. Nowadays, you are not considered rude anymore finishing your plate as Chinese also have an understanding of food being wasted.
Drinking water in China
First things first: You shouldn’t drink tap water in China under any circumstances. The Chinese tap water includes Chloride which is not good for the human body.
You can only drink tap water after boiling it. That’s one of the reasons why the Chinese like to drink their tap water hot (Even in summer). On the other hand, warm water is much healthier for your body than drinking ice-cold water. (One of the things I’ve learned in China).
Therefore, please only drink bottled water or boiled water.
Another option to make Chinese tap water drinkable is the so-called Lifestraw. With this gadget, you can filter the tap-water in order to make it drinkable. Just check the latest price and more information by clicking here.
Visa for China
Important: There is no such thing as a Visa on Arrival for neither European nor US-Citizens. That means you have to apply for your visa before your departure. (Around 1 month beforehand). For your visa application, you have to fill a form providing information about yourself and your travel plans. Moreover, you have to provide copies of your accommodation bookings and flights. (I.e. You have to book them before you apply for your visa)
Author’s note: Please note that information can change at any time. Please make sure that information is correct by contacting an official source before your trip or applying for your visa. This post is just for general information and I can’t guarantee or be made responsible for any changes or exceptions.
Transportation in China
You can use any kind of transportation in China. But keep in mind that the traffic, especially, in big cities like Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai can be quite chaotic. Furthermore, security standards are not the same as they are in most Western Countries.
In the big cities, buses and trains can be extremely crowded, especially, if you use them during the rush hours.
When I took a bus in Beijing, near the Forbidden City, it took me 3 more stations than originally planned to get out of the bus again, because I just couldn’t make it to the exit as there were too many people.
Taking a taxi in China
If you want to avoid the crowded Metros and busses, you can as well take a taxi. Anyway, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you will be faster as the traffic can be pretty crazy as well.
Taking a taxi in China is usually quite affordable. Anyway, many taxi drivers don’t speak English. Therefore, it can be useful to have your destination written down in Chinese characters. This way, you just have to hand the address to your driver and he knows where you want to go to. (Tip: Always carry a business card of your accommodation with you with the address on it)
The taxi drivers usually realize directly if you are not local. (For us Westerners, it is usually not that hard to tell in the first place) and take advantage of that by taking some detours in order to make more money. My friend Zihan explained to me that even the Chinese get scammed like that if they are not local in that area.
The same happened to me during my time in Beijing. What should have been a 5 minutes drive became 20 minutes and the driver pretended not to understand me when I asked him to stop the car. Neither when I told him to do so in English nor in Chinese.
Another thing Zihan told me is that some taxi drivers sometimes take other customers that are going in the same direction in order to make more money for the same trip. However, that doesn’t happen frequently.
Big cities like Beijing and Shanghai offer, in general, a good and modern infrastructure. The streets and institutions are usually equipped in the newest state of the art.
Hospitals can be visited without any further concerns. Anyway, it might be advisable to bring someone to translate if possible as many doctors don’t speak English.
In Europe, most houses start with the Ground level floor, while in China houses usually start with Floor 1.
If you are walking up the stairs one time, you will, therefore, find yourself in floor 2 and not in floor 1, the way it would be in Europe.
Anyway, when taking a lift in a building in China, you might realize that some buildings don’t have a 4th floor. Thus, after the 3rd floor will follow the 5th floor right away. The reason for that is the same as why in some buildings in Western countries we don’t have a 13th floor. The 4 is considered unlucky in China. The reason for that is simple: The pronunciation for 4 (Si) is similar to the pronunciation of the word for death in Chinese.
Security in China
China is not considered an unsafe country. I have never felt unsafe at any time, even though I was often traveling alone. I remember the Chinese to be extremely friendly and helpful people.
In almost every public building, there is a security check. Therefore, you should always have your passport with you.
Even before taking the Metro, they will check your belongings.
However, since China is extremely crowded, you should always have an eye on your belongings, especially, when taking public transport. The crowd provides an easy game for pickpockets.
While in ancient times, China was protected by the Great Wall of China, nowadays the Great Firewall of China is blocking everything that is not approved by the Chinese government. Therefore, services like Google, Facebook, Instagram, Wikipedia, etc. are only usable with a so-called VPN.
What is a VPN?
VPN is the abbreviation for Virtual Private Network. For example, if you are using a VPN of the US, the servers “think” that you’d be in the US right now (even if in reality, you are in China) and you can use every online service that you can use from a normal US-Server, even if they are blocked in the place you actually are at that moment.
Sometimes, it can be difficult to install a VPN from China, so make sure to check your options before your departure. You might also install other apps for visiting China beforehand as sometimes it can be difficult if you are using an Android phone.
Air Pollution in China
China is known to be one of the countries with the most polluted air worldwide. There are different applications that let you check the pollution of the air day by day and give warnings if necessary. If you want to be sure, you can always wear a mask before leaving your accommodation.
In summer, you should wear sunscreen even if the sky is grey. Because a grey sky doesn’t necessarily mean that those are clouds, it can as well be pollution.
Communication in China
Communication in China is not always easy. The English-Level here is quite low, especially in the countryside or off-the-beaten-path, e.g. in Yunnan. A (free) dictionary app can be useful. For example Pleco or Google Translator.
In big cities, like Beijing and Shanghai, many information and signs are also translated into English, or at least displayed in the PinYin (Spoken language displayed in Latin Letters).
Many restaurants are offering either English menus or menus with photos. So, you can see what you order.
Paleness is beautiful
Westerners laying in the sun for hours trying to get a nice summer tan. Meanwhile in China: Especially girls are trying to avoid sunlight on their skin as much as possible.
Therefore, if you see Chinese walking around with umbrellas, it doesn’t necessarily have to rain. This is just how they protect themselves from the sun, especially the Chinese ladies.
If you want to buy shower gels, lotions, etc. in China make sure that they don’t include any kind of whitener or bleach.
Gifts in China
Everyone appreciates small gifts. But take care as in China there are some things that you should never give to someone as a present: a yellow flower, a clock or a fan. As those things are considered to bring misfortune if given as a present to someone.
Travel Insurance for China
When you go to China (or anywhere else) you should always have travel insurance. Simply for the reason that you never know what is going to happen during your trip. The most popular travel insurance nowadays is World Nomads Travel Insurance. Check their prices and conditions here or below.
Have you also been to China? Which things do you wish you had known before going? Let me know in the comments below.
Where to next?
How about visiting Guilin in the Guanxi Province?
Want to know some more Fun Facts about China? Make sure to check out this post about China Fun Facts by Karolina Patryk.