Don’t call it Barça! Barcelona has been considered one of the most popular destinations in the world for many years. But do you actually know how to abbreviate the city’s relatively long name? Often, people use Barça as a Barcelona nickname. But this is wrong.
The locals of Barcelona sometimes even resent it if you call Barcelona Barça. But what is the correct abbreviation for Barcelona? – What do Spaniards call Barcelona? Or is there even a slang for Barcelona?
I have been living in the city for several years and am married to a Barcelonan. In this article, I would like to answer the question: “What is the short form of Barcelona?” so that you can avoid unpleasant mistakes. In addition, I will tell you more about the origin of the name Barcelona and how Barcelona is pronounced correctly (in English, Catalan, and Spanish).
So let’s get started right away and find out more about the accurate nickname of Barcelona City.
Barcelona Nickname – Is the city called Barna or Barça?
The correct official nickname for the city of Barcelona is Barna, while the official abbreviation is BCN. In Spain, the city is also known as Ciudad Condal, which refers to the former counties of the region. Barça, on the other hand, refers exclusively to the FC Barcelona soccer club and not to the city.
The correct nickname of Barcelona – What do Spaniards call Barcelona?
Barcelona has many names, and not all of them are correct. In the following part, we will take a closer look at the common names for Barcelona to see where they come from and how to use each Barcelona short form correctly.
Is Barna short for Barcelona?
The correct nickname for Barcelona is Barna. Locals and Spaniards also call the city by this name. So if you want to abbreviate the name or avoid pronunciation errors, you can simply use the term Barna.
How to pronounce Barna
The nickname for the city of Barcelona, Barna, is pronounced /ˈbar.nə/ (pronounced Bar-Nah).
The nickname Barna is composed of the first and last syllables of the city name Barcelona.
Is Barça short for Barcelona?
Barça does not refer to the city of Barcelona but exclusively to the city’s soccer team, FC Barcelona. Locals usually don’t like to hear the city of Barcelona referred to as Barça. Therefore, you should avoid this at all costs.
How to pronounce Barça
The Catalan nickname of FC Barcelona is pronounced as /ˈbɑɹsə/ (pronounced Bar-sa).
The name Barça is derived from the Catalan pronunciation of the city’s name and, consequently, the name of the soccer team. In Catalan, Barcelona is pronounced /bər.səˈlo.nə/ (pronounced “Barsalona”).
Is Barca short for Barcelona?
Barca is neither the name of the city of Barcelona nor the city’s soccer club. The Spanish word Barca can be translated as “boat.” The city of Barcelona, on the other hand, is abbreviated as Barna, and the soccer team FC Barcelona is Barça.
Is BCN short for Barcelona?
BCN is the official abbreviation (IATA Airport Code) for Barcelona El Prat Airport. Thus, the acronym can also be used for the city of Barcelona itself. BCN is used in official circles and is therefore generally accepted as an abbreviation for the Catalan capital.
Is Ciudad Condal a nickname for Barcelona?
Within Spain, Barcelona is also known as Ciudad Condal. This term goes back to the designation from the 9th century, in which Barcelona was the administrative seat of various counties (Spanish: “Condales“) in the north of Catalonia.
Catalonia was not united at that time but divided into several smaller counties. These counties were administered over four generations by a count in the city (Spanish: “Ciudad“) of Barcelona and his descendants with the same name, Ramón Berenguer.
The last of the line, Ramón Berenguer IV, was historically significant for the region. This is because his marriage to Petronila de Aragón led to the end of the Catalan counties. The individual Catalan counties were united under the Aragonese crown by the union of the two.
However, the name Ciudad Condal, which refers to the individual counties of Catalonia controlled from Barcelona, is still used among locals. You can therefore translate it roughly as “city of the counts.”
What about Ciutat Comtal?
The name Ciutat Comtal can also be used as a nickname for Barcelona. This is the Catalan translation of the city’s nickname, “Ciudad Condal.”
Barcelona name origin – Where does the name Barcelona come from?
Now that we have clarified how you can abbreviate Barcelona, you may also wonder how the name Barcelona came about. To this day, however, this is not 100% clear. But there are a few theories of linguists on this subject.
One assumes that the name Barcelona goes back to the Iberian name Barkeno. The Iberians settled the city in the 4th century BC.
While the exact origin of the Iberian name is not entirely clear, some suggest that the name goes back to the Carthaginian ruler Hamilcar Barca, who may have founded Barcelona. However, it has not been proven that Barcelona was ever under Carthaginian rule at all.
Another legend says that none other than Hercules founded the city. With his nine ships, he arrived in the region near Montjuïcs. Subsequently, he named the newly established town after his nine ships (“Barca Nona”).
Over the years, the city was called Βαρκινών (pronounced Barkinón) by the ancient Greeks and afterward, Barcino, Barcilonum, and Barcenona under Roman rule.
During the Middle Ages, the name of the city evolved into Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa, and Barchenona.
Over the centuries, it evolved into the name we know today, Barcelona.
Now we know how the name Barcelona (maybe) evolved. But how do you actually pronounce the name of the city correctly?
For English speakers, there are three correct ways to pronounce the name Barcelona, the Spanish, the Catalan, and the English (well, to be even more precise, there is even a slight difference in the British and American English pronunciation).
The English and Spanish pronunciations of Barcelona are quite similar but not completely identical. While Barcelona is pronounced /baɾθeˈlona/ in Spanish, the American English pronunciation, on the other hand, is: /ˌbɑɹsəˈloʊnə/, and the British English sounds more like /ˌbɑːsəˈləʊnə/. The hyphenation should sound something like this: Bar-ce-lo-na.
The main difference between the two is the pronunciation of the C. Here, the Spanish C is pronounced a bit like an English th. In English, on the other hand, we pronounce the C more like a sharp S. Moreover, in standard British English, the R is often not pronounced.
Some international visitors like to add a T to the name to form something like BarTselona. However, this is not correct.
In Catalan, the pronunciation of the city name Barcelona is somewhat different. Since the unstressed vowels are reversed in Catalan, the E in the name is pronounced like an A, i.e.,/bər.səˈlo.nə/ (pronounced “Barsalona“).
Frequently Asked Questions about Barcelona’s name
The Catalan capital Barcelona changed its name a few times over the centuries from Barkeno to Barcino to Barkinon, Barcilonum and Barcenona, in the Middle Ages, Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa, and Barchenona to today’s Barcelona.
The city name Barcelona has no independent meaning but is merely a city name. To this day, it is not clear how the name originated. A legend says that the term refers to the Carthaginian Hamilcar Barca.
Barça is used as a nickname for the soccer team FC Barcelona. However, the name does not refer to the Catalan capital, Barcelona.
The name of the Catalan capital, Barcelona, is used in both Spanish and Catalan, with slightly different pronunciations.
Until today it is not clear who really founded Barcelona. One legend says that Hercules founded Barcelona. According to another legend, the city was founded by Hannibal’s father, Hamilcar Barca.
The soccer team FC Barcelona can also be called Barça or Blaugrana. On the other hand, Barna refers only to the city of Barcelona.
The fans of the soccer team FB Barcelona call themselves Culers or Barcelonistes. You can also call them Blaugranes or Azulgranes.